The beneficial effects of Omega n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n - 3 PUFA) in situations of cognitive impairment may be associated with enhanced neuronal growth. Since neuronal growth is impaired in n - 3 PUFA deficiency, and enhanced by certain vitamins and trace elements, the effects of n - 3 PUFA, vitamin and mineral cell complex (VMC) and their association on neuronal growth were investigated in cultured rat neuroblastoma cells. Treatment of cells for 3 days with n - 3 PUFA significantly enhanced neurite length without affecting the number of neurites or cells. VMC significantly increased cell number without affecting neurite length or their number. Combined n - 3 PUFA and VMC significantly enhanced all three growth parameters. The data confirm the growth promoting effects of n - 3 PUFA and VMC in cultured neurons over a relatively short time frame.
- Neuroblastoma cells
- Neuronal growth
- Omega n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid
- Vitamin and mineral cell complex