Evaluation of the real-world impact of rotational thromboelastometry-guided transfusion protocol in patients undergoing proximal aortic surgery

Samuel St-Onge, Émile Lemoine, Ismail Bouhout, Antoine Rochon, Ismaïl El-Hamamsy, Yoan Lamarche, Philippe Demers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Complex aortic procedures are potentially associated with important blood loss and coagulopathy. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM, Tem International GmBH, Munich, Germany) on transfusion requirements after proximal aortic operations in a real-world setting. Methods: This single-center retrospective analysis based on 385 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgeries involving the aortic root, ascending aorta, or aortic arch compared 197 controls managed according to routine transfusion protocol before the introduction of the ROTEM in 2012 with 188 patients operated afterward. With the use of a 1:1 propensity score match, 224 patients were included in paired analysis (112 in each group). The primary end point was erythrocytes transfusion rate. The secondary end points comprised the transfusion of other allogeneic blood products, number of units transfused, postoperative blood loss, massive transfusion rate, and use of other hemostatic products. Results: ROTEM implementation was associated with a trend toward reduction in the rate of erythrocytes transfusion (57% vs 46%, P =.08) and a decreased median number of units transfused for erythrocytes (1.0 [0.0-4.0] unit vs 0.0 [0.0-2.0] unit, P =.03) and plasma (0.0 [0.0-4.0] unit vs 0.0 [0.0-2.0] unit, P =.04). After sensitivity analysis, ROTEM displayed a comparable rate of erythrocytes transfusion (58% vs 47%, P =.15). Conclusions: In a real-world setting, ROTEM-based algorithm implementation could help reduce excess erythrocytes transfusion for complex aortic procedures. We advocate for a strict adherence and concerted team effort to maximize the benefits of such addition to patients’ management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1054.e4
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume157
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • allogeneic
  • aortic surgery
  • coagulation monitoring
  • rotational thromboelastometry
  • transfusion

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