Evaluation of gene therapy as an intervention strategy to treat brain injury from stroke

Amanda J. Craig, Gary D. Housley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, with a lack of treatments available to prevent cell death, regenerate damaged cells and pathways, or promote neurogenesis. The extended period of hours to weeks over which tissue damage continues to occur makes this disorder a candidate for gene therapy. This review highlights the development of gene therapy in the area of stroke, with the evolution of viral administration, in experimental stroke models, from pre-injury to clinically relevant timeframes of hours to days post-stroke. The putative therapeutic proteins being examined include antiapoptotic, pro-survival, anti-inflammatory, and guidance proteins, targeting multiple pathways within the complex pathology, with promising results. The balance of findings from animal models suggests that gene therapy provides a viable translational platform for treatment of ischemic brain injury arising from stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Volume9
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AAV
  • Adeno
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Ischemia
  • Lentivirus
  • Protein expression
  • Viral vector

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