Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects an estimated 17% of pregnant patients in the USA. However, there are limited data on the impact of maternal NAFLD on pediatric outcomes. We prospectively evaluated outcomes in infants born to mothers with and without NAFLD in pregnancy over their first 2 years of life. Maternal subjects were identified through an ongoing prospective study in which pregnant individuals were screened for NAFLD. Pediatric outcomes of infants born to these mothers—including adverse neonatal outcomes and weight and weight-for-length percentile at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months—were prospectively evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association of maternal NAFLD with pediatric outcomes, as well as to adjust for potentially confounding maternal characteristics. Six hundred thirty-eight infants were included in our cohort. The primary outcomes assessed were weight and growth throughout the first 2 years of life. Maternal NAFLD was also not associated with increased infant birth weight or weight-for-gestational-age percentile or weight or weight-for-length percentile over the first 2 years of life. Maternal NAFLD was significantly associated with very premature delivery before 32 weeks, even after adjustment for confounding maternal characteristics (aOR = 2.83, p = 0.05). Maternal NAFLD was also significantly associated with neonatal jaundice, including after adjusting for maternal race (aOR = 1.67, p = 0.03). However, maternal NAFLD was not significantly associated with any other adverse neonatal outcomes. Conclusion: Maternal NAFLD may be independently associated with very premature birth and neonatal jaundice but was not associated with other adverse neonatal outcomes. Maternal NAFLD was also not associated with any differences in infant growth over the first 2 years of life. What is Known: • Maternal NAFLD in pregnancy may be associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, but the findings are inconsistent across the literature. What is New: • Maternal NAFLD is not associated with any differences in weight at birth or growth over the first 2 years of life. • Maternal NAFLD is associated with very premature delivery and neonatal jaundice, but is not associated with other adverse neonatal outcomes.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease