Introduction: Same-day discharge (SDD) is a safe option for several adult urologic surgeries, benefiting patients and hospitals. By decreasing length of stay while maintaining patient safety, SDD is in-line with recent goals to provide high value care while minimizing costs. Literature on SDD in the pediatric population, however, is scarce, and no study has identified the efficacy of SDD for pediatric pyeloplasty (PP) and ureteral reimplantation (UR). Objective: The aim of this study was to identify trends in the usage of SDD as well as its efficacy and safety based on surgical outcomes for pediatric PP and UR. Study design: The 2012–2020 files of the American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Project pediatric database were queried for PP and UR. Patients were stratified as SDD or standard-length discharge (SLD). Trends in SDD usage, differences in baseline characteristics, surgical approach, and surgical outcomes including 30-day readmission, complication, and reoperation rates were analyzed between SDD and SLD groups. Results: 8213 PP (SDD: 202 [2.46%]) and 10,866 UR (469 [4.32%]) were included in analysis. There were no significant changes in SDD rates between 2012 and 2020, averaging 2.39% (PP), and 4.39% (UR). For both procedures, SDD was associated with higher rates of open versus minimally invasive (MIS) surgical approach and with shorter operative and anesthesia durations. For PP, there were no differences in readmission, complication, or reoperation rates in the SDD group. For UR, there was a 1.69% increase in CD I/II complications in those receiving SDD, correlating to 1.96-fold higher odds of CD I/II in all SDD patients compared to SLD patients. Discussion: These results suggest that while the rate of SDD has not increased in recent years, the current screening methods for SDD have been generally effective in maintaining the safety of SDD for pediatric procedures. Though SDD for UR did show a very small increase in minor complications, this may be due to less strict screening protocols, and may be alleviated via MIS surgical approach. While this is the first paper to investigate SDD for pediatric urology procedures, these results are similar to those found for adult procedures. This study is limited by the lack of clinical data reported in the database. Conclusion: SDD is a generally safe option for pediatric PP and UR, and further research should identify proper screening protocols to continue to allow for safe SDD.
- Same day discharge