Background: The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into healthcare has opened new avenues for enhancing patient care and clinical research. In gastroenterology, the potential of AI tools, specifically large language models like ChatGPT, is being explored to understand their utility and effectiveness. Objectives: The primary goal of this systematic review is to assess the various applications, ascertain the benefits, and identify the limitations of utilizing ChatGPT within the realm of gastroenterology. Design: Through a systematic approach, this review aggregates findings from multiple studies to evaluate the impact of ChatGPT on the field. Data sources and methods: The review was based on a detailed literature search of the PubMed database, targeting research that delves into the use of ChatGPT for gastroenterological purposes. It incorporated six selected studies, which were meticulously evaluated for quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal instruments. The data were then synthesized narratively to encapsulate the roles, advantages, and drawbacks of ChatGPT in gastroenterology. Results: The investigation unearthed various roles of ChatGPT, including its use in patient education, diagnostic self-assessment, disease management, and the formulation of research queries. Notable benefits were its capability to provide pertinent recommendations, enhance communication between patients and physicians, and prompt valuable research inquiries. Nonetheless, it encountered obstacles in decoding intricate medical questions, yielded inconsistent responses at times, and exhibited limitations in generating novel content. The review also considered ethical implications. Conclusion: ChatGPT has demonstrated significant potential in the field of gastroenterology, especially in facilitating patient–physician interactions and managing diseases. Despite these advancements, the review underscores the necessity for ongoing refinement, customization, and ethical regulation of AI tools. These findings serve to enrich the dialog concerning AI’s role in healthcare, with a specific focus on ChatGPT’s application in gastroenterology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • ChatGPT
  • artificial intelligence
  • gastroenterology
  • large language models
  • review


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