Establishing quantitative radiographic criteria for the diagnosis of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis

Kathleen M. Capaccione, Weijia Fan, Anjali Saqi, Maria Padilla, Mary M. Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a type of pulmonary fibrosis most commonly occurring at the apices. Patients with PPFE have an increased risk of adverse effects from lung biopsy and in the post-surgical setting. Here, we investigated simple and reproducible measurements on chest CT to evaluate their predictive value in diagnosing PPFE. Methods: We analyzed a cohort of patients with histologically-proven PPFE and compared them to a cohort of patients diagnosed with “biapical scarring” (BAS) on chest CT. We measured plueuroparenchymal thickness using several independent parameters on chest CT. We also assessed other radiologic and clinical characteristics to identify if any were predictive of PPFF. Results: Our analysis demonstrated the average greatest apical thickness with a cut off of 4.5 mm yielded a sensitivity of 94.4% and a specificity of 88.9%, and an area under the curve of 97.2%. Single greatest apical thickness with a cut off of 7.5 mm had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 88.9%, with the area under the curve of 97.8%. Average greatest upper lobe thickness with a cut off of 8.0 mm had a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 100%, with an area under the curve of 98.2%. Single greatest upper lobe thickness with a cut off of 8.5 yielded both a sensitivity and specificity of 94.4% and an area under the curve of 94.3%. Conclusion: Measurements described above are highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of PPFE and warrant investigation with a larger cohort of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109982
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Interstitial lung disease
  • PPFE
  • Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis

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