Esposizione professionale a fungicidi in floricoltori dell'Ecuador

Translated title of the contribution: Occupational exposure to fungicides in floricolture in Ecuador

C. Colosio, R. Harari, S. Birindelli, L. Campo, S. Fustinoni, H. Harari, C. Somaruga, M. Tiramani, S. Visentin, M. Maroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Floriculture represents one of the major sources of income in the Ecuadorian Andean Region that can be carried out either in open fields as in greenhouses by using chemical compounds, growing hormones and xenobiotics. Among pesticides, ethylenbisdithiocarbamate (EBDTCs) fungicides represent the most extensively used. The aim of the study was the assessment of exposure to EBDTCs in Ecuadorian floricultural workers by the determination of the urinary excretion of the main metabolite of these compounds, ethylenethiourea (ETU). For this purpose, thirty-six floriculture workers and 7 unexposed healthy subjects were recruited for the study. Median level of ETU excretion in agricultural workers before the work shift was 3.2 μg/g creatinine, ranging from 0.4 to 34.5 μg/g creatinine. After pesticide application, urinary ETU increased to 6.2 μg/g creatinine (1.5-26.5) μg/g creatinine. Urinary ETU resulted significantly higher in overall workers, taken as pre- and post-shift samples, when compared to controls (0.7, 0.4-2.1 μg/g creatinine, p < 0.01). According to jobs, applicators showed the highest levels of ETU excretion whereas growing, post-harvesting and maintenance workers showed similar levels of exposure. Higher level ETU excretion was observed in greenhouse compared to open field workers.

Translated title of the contributionOccupational exposure to fungicides in floricolture in Ecuador
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)107-108
Number of pages2
JournalGiornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Ecuador
  • Ethylene-bisdithiocarbamates
  • Floricolture
  • Fungicides


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