Epithelioid cells in myoid hamartoma of the breast: A potential diagnostic pitfall for core biopsies

Carol F. Garfein, Michael R. Aulicino, Anatoly Leytin, Susan Drossman, George Hermann, Ira J. Bleiweiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. - We report six cases of myoid hamartoma of the breast, a rare benign lesion in which the characteristic smooth muscle cells may have epithelioid histology. We emphasize the importance of radiographic correlation and immunohistochemical studies to diagnosis, particularly on stereotactic core biopsies, to avoid potential confusion with infiltrating lobular carcinoma. Design. - Case studies. Prospective and retrospective analysis of six cases, including stereotactic biopsy of two. Setting. - Academic medical center-based pathology practice. Patients. - Six postmenopausal women, aged 50 to 59 years, with palpable or nonpalpable mammographically evident breast masses. Results. - All the lesions were radiographically well circumscribed, most showing heterogeneous radiodensity. Histologically variable amounts of glandular, fibrous, and adipose tissue were admixed with smooth muscle cells, which occasionally had prominent epithelioid features. All the lesions' myoid cells stained for smooth muscle markers as well as steroid receptor proteins. Stereotactic core biopsy was diagnostic in one case, making excision unnecessary. Conclusions. - With proper radiographic correlation and immunohistochemical confirmation, myoid hamartoma can be confidently diagnosed even on the limited tissue samples yielded by stereotactic core biopsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-680
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume120
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1996

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