Epiphyseal Ewing Sarcoma in a skeletally mature patient: A case report and review of the literature

Rola Husain, Roberto A. Garcia, Mingqian Huang, Idoia Corcuera-Solano, Etan Dayan

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While Ewing sarcoma of bone is the second most common primary osseous malignancy in childhood where it typically involves the diaphysis or metadiaphyses of long bones of skeletally immature patients, primary epiphyseal involvement of the long bone in skeletally mature patients is rare with no cases reported in the literature to our knowledge, rendering this case the first of its kind. We present the first case of primary Ewing Sarcoma of the epiphyses of the long bones in a skeletally mature 20-year-old male patient. The patient initially presented with left knee stiffness and pain that was empirically treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. His pain progressed despite treatment. An x-ray of the left knee was obtained 5 months later demonstrating an irregular lucent lesion in the medial femoral condyle. A subsequent MRI revealed an enhancing lesion in the medial femoral condyle, and when biopsied it was consistent with Ewing sarcoma (positive for EWSR1gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization). The lesion was resected surgically, and the patient underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy with a good clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1197
Number of pages7
JournalRadiology Case Reports
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone tumors
  • Epiphysis
  • Ewing sarcoma


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