Epidemiology of pediatric trauma and fractures during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic

Liam R. Butler, Erin Abbott, Paulos Mengsteab, Calista L. Dominy, Jashvant Poeran, Abigail K. Allen, Sheena C. Ranade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Previous literature has shown decreases in pediatric trauma during the COVID-19 outbreak, but few have analyzed beyond the peak of the pandemic. This study assesses the epidemiology of pediatric trauma cases in a high-volume teaching hospital in New York City before, during, and after the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Institutional data on pediatric trauma orthopedic cases from January 1, 2018 to November 30, 2021 were extracted. The following time frames were studied: (1) April 1–June 22 in 2018 and 2019 (pre-pandemic), (2) April 1–June 22, 2020 (peak pandemic), and (3) April 1–June 22, 2021 (post-peak pandemic). Inferential statistics were used to compare patient and trauma characteristics. Results: Compared to the pre-pandemic cohort (n = 6770), the peak pandemic cohort (n = 828) had a greater proportion of fractures (p < 0.01) and had a significantly decreased overall traumas per week rate (p < 0.01) and fractures per week rate (p < 0.01). These decreased trauma (p < 0.01) and fracture rates (p < 0.01) persisted for the post-peak pandemic cohort (n = 2509). Spatial analysis identified zip code clusters throughout New York City with higher rates of emergency department presentation during the peak pandemic compared to pre-pandemic, and these areas aligned with lower-income neighborhoods. Conclusion: During the peak of the pandemic, overall trauma and fracture volumes decreased, the types of prevalent injuries changed, and neighborhoods of different economic resources were variably impacted. These trends have mostly persisted for 12 months post-peak pandemic. This longitudinal analysis helps inform and improve long-term critical care and public health resource allocation for the future. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-331
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Children's Orthopaedics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • COVID-19
  • geospatial analysis
  • healthcare utilization
  • pediatric fractures
  • pediatric orthopedic trauma


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