Epidemiology and the Growing Epidemic of Food Allergy in Children and Adults Across the Globe

Christopher M. Warren, Shruti Sehgal, Scott H. Sicherer, Ruchi S. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Food allergies are immune-mediated, complex disorders, which are the source of increasing health concern worldwide. The goal of this review is to present an updated summary of the food allergy (FA) burden among children and adults across different populations, focusing on research from the past 5 years. Recent Findings: FAs impact a growing number of global residents—particularly those residing in higher-income, industrialized regions. Moreover, growing epidemiologic evidence suggests that the population health burden of non-IgE-mediated FAs, such as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, may also be higher than previously reported. Summary: FA is a complex trait that impacts infants, children, as well as adults across the globe. The population health burden of both IgE- and non-IgE-mediated FAs is likely to grow in the absence of rapid advances and widespread implementation of effective FA prevention and treatment interventions. Systematic epidemiological research initiatives are needed, both nationally and globally, to better understand and reduce the burden of these allergic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Allergy and Asthma Reports
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Alpha-gal syndrome
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis
  • Food allergy
  • Food allergy burden
  • Food allergy epidemiology
  • Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome

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