Epidemiology and outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients from 1998 to 2012: A nationwide analysis

Kathan Mehta, Annie Im, Farah Rahman, Hong Wang, Peter Veldkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Prior studies have shown that outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–positive patients have been similar to outcomes in HIV-negative patients since effective implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy by 1998, but they are limited by small sample size or noninclusion of recent data. Methods. We queried National Inpatient Sample, a large inpatient data set in the United States, from 1998 to 2012 for HSCT, using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure code 41.0. HIV-positive patients were identified by the presence of ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes 042, 043, 044, V08, and 079.53. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality rate, and the secondary outcome the in-hospital complication rate of HSCT. Outcomes were assessed by means of univariate, multivariate regression and matched-pair analysis. Results. A total of 39 517 patients who underwent HSCT were identified. Among these, 108 patients had HIV infection. There were no differences in in-hospital mortality rates or rates of intubation, sepsis, bacteremia, or graft-vs-host disease between HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients after allogeneic or autologous HSCT. In allogeneic HSCT, HIV-positive patients had a significantly higher incidence of nontuberculous mycobacterial and cytomegalovirus infection than HIV-negative patients. Conclusion. Although HIV-positive patients may have a higher risk of certain opportunistic infections, they are not at higher risk of serious in-hospital complications of HSCT. Allogeneic and autologous HSCT can be safely performed in HIV-positive patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Nationwide inpatient sample
  • Outcomes

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