Elevated Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Production in Islets Improves Islet Graft Vascularization

Nan Zhang, Anja Richter, Jenny Suriawinata, Sonal Harbaran, Jennifer Altomonte, Lin Cong, Haojiang Zhang, Keying Song, Marcia Meseck, Jonathan Bromberg, Hengjiang Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

201 Scopus citations

Abstract

Successful islet transplantation depends on the infusion of sufficiently large quantities of islets, of which only ∼30% become stably engrafted. Rapid and adequate revascularization of transplanted islets is important for islet survival and function. Delayed and insufficient revascularization can deprive islets of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in islet cell death and early graft failure. To improve islet revascularization, we delivered human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) cDNA to murine islets, followed by transplantation under the renal capsule in diabetic mice. Diabetic animals receiving a marginal mass of 300 islets that were pretransduced with a VEGF vector exhibited near normoglycemia. In contrast, diabetic mice receiving an equivalent number of islets that were transduced with a control vector remained hyperglycemic. Immunohistochemistry with anti-insulin and anti-CD31 antibodies revealed a relatively higher insulin content and greater degree of microvasculature in the VEGF vector-transduced islet grafts, which correlated with significantly improved blood glucose profiles and enhanced insulin secretion in response to glucose challenge in this group of diabetic recipient mice. These results demonstrate that VEGF production in islets stimulates graft angiogenesis and enhances islet revascularization. This mechanism might be explored as a novel strategy to accelerate islet revascularization and improve long-term survival of functional islet mass posttransplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)963-970
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

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