Elevated day 3 serum follicle stimulating hormone and/or estradiol may predict fetal aneuploidy

Ali Nasseri, Tanmoy Mukherjee, Jamie A. Grifo, Nicole Noyes, Lewis Krey, Alan B. Copperman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether baseline serum FSH and/or E2 concentrations can predict the risk for fetal chromosomal abnormalities. Design: Case control study. Setting: Reproductive technology program at a university hospital Patient(s): Patients who underwent dilation and curettage (D + C), and whose products of conception were karyotyped. Intervention(s): Patients underwent natural conception or controlled ovarian hyperstimulation followed by intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, gamete intrafallopian transfer, or zygote intrafallopian transfer. Main Outcome Measure(s): Baseline serum FSH and E2 concentrations and fetal karyotype. Result(s): Genetic evaluation of 78 D + C specimens revealed 34 normal and 44 abnormal fetal karyotypes. A significantly greater proportion of women with abnormal fetal karyotype had elevated baseline serum FSH (≥15 mIU/mL [RIA] or 10 mIU/mL [Immulite]) and/or E2 (≥50 pg/mL [Immulite]) compared with women of normal fetal karyotype. Among karyotypically abnormal abortuses, autosomal trisomy was the most common abnormality noted (79.5%), followed by mosaicism (6.8%), triploidy (6.8%), monosomy XO (4.5%), and balanced translocation (2.3%). Conclusion(s): Baseline serum FSH and/or E2 concentrations may be valuable as predictors of fetal aneuploidy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-718
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999

Keywords

  • ART
  • Baseline FSH
  • Fetal aneuploidy
  • GIFT
  • IVF
  • Spontaneous abortion
  • ZIFT

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