Electromagnetic fields instantaneously modulate nitric oxide signaling in challenged biological systems

Arthur A. Pilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study shows that a non-thermal pulse-modulated RF signal (PRF), configured to modulate calmodulin (CaM) activation via acceleration of Ca2+ binding kinetics, produced an immediate nearly 3-fold increase in nitric oxide (NO) from dopaminergic MN9D cultures (P<0.001). NO was measured electrochemically in real-time using a NO selective membrane electrode, which showed the PRF effect occurred within the first seconds after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Further support that the site of action of PRF involves CaM is provided in human fibroblast cultures challenged with low serum and exposed for 15min to the identical PRF signal. In this case a CaM antagonist W-7 could be added to the culture 3h prior to PRF exposure. Those results showed the PRF signal produced nearly a two-fold increase in NO, which could be blocked by W-7 (P<0.001). To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of a real-time effect of non-thermal electromagnetic fields (EMF) on NO release from challenged cells. The results provide mechanistic support for the many reported bioeffects of EMF in which NO plays a role. Thus, in a typical clinical application for acute post operative pain, or chronic pain from, e.g., osteoarthritis, EMF therapy could be employed to modulate the dynamics of NO via Ca/CaM-dependent constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in the target tissue. This, in turn, would modulate the dynamics of the signaling pathways the body uses in response to the various phases of healing after physical or chemical insult or injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-333
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume426
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Calmodulin
  • EMF
  • First messenger
  • Nitric oxide
  • Signaling

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