Electroconvulsive therapy for depression: 80 years of progress

George Kirov, Sameer Jauhar, Pascal Sienaert, Charles H. Kellner, Declan M. McLoughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Electroconvulsive therapy is the most effective treatment for severe, psychotic or treatment-resistant depression. However, its effectiveness continues to be questioned, both in mainstream media and narratives within the scientific literature. In this analysis, we use an evidence-based approach to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of modern electroconvulsive therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-597
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - 14 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • depression
  • electroconvulsive therapy
  • evidence-based medicine
  • meta-analysis
  • treatment resistance


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