Egg Donation and Surrogacy

Mark V. Sauer, Joshua U. Klein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Egg donation has been widely practiced for over two decades and is available throughout the United States. In recent years, donor egg in-vitro fertilization (DIVF) has represented about 10% of all initiated cycles of assisted reproduction. In general, success rates are the highest seen in the field of IVF, with over 50% of embryo transfers resulting in a live birth. Most DIVF recipients are older and would otherwise not be capable of conceiving with their own eggs. Extensive clinical experience has demonstrated that uterine receptivity remains normal in menopausal women if they are adequately treated with hormonal preparation prior to embryo transfer. Because older women generally experience increased rates of morbidity once pregnant, it is vitally important to screen candidates adequately for concomitant health problems prior to embarking on DIVF therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInfertility
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages135-145
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781444333534
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - egg donation performed in the United States
  • DIVF recipients, falling - into one of four major diagnostic categories
  • Donors in the United States - anonymous egg donors, financially compensated for their participation
  • Egg and embryo donation - successful of all techniques in ever-increasing armamentarium of assisted reproductive technologies (ART)
  • Egg donation and surrogacy
  • Gestational surrogacy, treatment options - couples, with no healthy uterus to carry a pregnancy
  • Guidelines for management of egg donors - published by ASRM
  • Recipient monitoring of DIVF recipient, ovulatory - without compromising on chances of a successful pregnancy
  • Required medical screening - for DIVF recipients
  • Schematic of synchronization of donor and recipient - using GnRH agonist down-regulation

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