Efficient genome editing in hematopoietic stem cells with helper-dependent Ad5/35 vectors expressing site-specific endonucleases under microRNA regulation

Kamola Saydaminova, Xun Ye, Hongjie Wang, Maximilian Richter, Martin Ho, Hong Zhuan Chen, Ning Xu, Jin Soo Kim, Eirini Papapetrou, Michael C. Holmes, Philip D. Gregory, Donna Palmer, Philip Ng, Anja Ehrhardt, André Lieber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genome editing with site-specific endonucleases has implications for basic biomedical research as well as for gene therapy. We generated helper-dependent, capsid-modified adenovirus (HD-Ad5/35) vectors for zinc-finger nuclease (ZFN)– or transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN)–mediated genome editing in human CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from mobilized adult donors. The production of these vectors required that ZFN and TALEN expression in HD-Ad5/35 producer 293-Cre cells was suppressed. To do this, we developed a microRNA (miRNA)-based system for regulation of gene expression based on miRNA expression profiling of 293-Cre and CD34+ cells. Using miR-183-5p and miR-218-5p based regulation of transgene gene expression, we first produced an HD-Ad5/35 vector expressing a ZFN specific to the HIV coreceptor gene ccr5. We demonstrated that HD-Ad5/35.ZFNmiR vector conferred ccr5 knock out in primitive HSC (i.e., long-term culture initiating cells and NOD/SCID repopulating cells). The ccr5 gene disruption frequency achieved in engrafted HSCs found in the bone marrow of transplanted mice is clinically relevant for HIV therapy considering that these cells can give rise to multiple lineages, including all the lineages that represent targets and reservoirs for HIV. We produced a second HD-Ad5/35 vector expressing a TALEN targeting the DNase hypersensitivity region 2 (HS2) within the globin locus control region. This vector has potential for targeted gene correction in hemoglobinopathies. The miRNA regulated HD-Ad5/35 vector platform for expression of site-specific endonucleases has numerous advantages over currently used vectors as a tool for genome engineering of HSCs for therapeutic purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14057
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Therapy Methods and Clinical Development
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

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