Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of a New 10 % Liquid Intravenous Immunoglobulin Containing High Titer Neutralizing Antibody to RSV and Other Respiratory Viruses in Subjects with Primary Immunodeficiency Disease

Richard L. Wasserman, William Lumry, James Harris, Robyn Levy, Mark Stein, Lisa Forbes, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Isaac Melamed, Ai Lan Kobayashi, Wei Du, Roger Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Immune globulins for IgG supplementation have been produced for over 35 years with essentially no differentiating features regarding their specific antibody composition. Furthermore, the compositions of plasma donor pools used for IG manufacturing are not standardized. While all immune globulin products meet the specifications set by the US FDA for antibodies to pathogens like measles and polio, they have variable levels of antibodies to other important viruses and infectious pathogens, particularly respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Methods: An IVIG was developed that satisfies the requirements for treating patients with primary immune deficiency disease (PIDD) and also has standardized elevated levels of RSV neutralizing antibodies (RI-002). Plasma donors who have naturally occurring high circulating levels of neutralizing anti-RSV antibody were selected as the source for manufacturing IVIG to treat patients with PIDD to prevent serious bacterial infections. While the introduction of the monoclonal antibody Palivizumab has had a dramatic impact in diminishing the burden of RSV disease in the pediatric population, it does not meet the standards for replacing the deficient immune compartments of patients with PIDD. Results: Fifty-nine patients with PIDD at 9 different sites across the US were enrolled in this study and received regular infusions of RI-002 over the course of 1 year. Conclusions: There were zero serious bacterial infections, thus meeting the primary endpoint for this trial. The secondary endpoints including days missed from work due to infection, unscheduled visits to the physician, and days of hospitalization due to infection compared favorably to published reports of other IVIG products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-599
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
  • clinical trial
  • efficacy
  • pharmacokinetics
  • primary immunodeficiency (PIDD)
  • safety

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