Introduction:N-carbamoyl-L-glutamic acid (NCG) is a synthetic analogue of N-acetyl glutamate (NAG) that works effectively as a cofactor for carbamoyl phosphate synthase 1 and enhances ureagenesis by activating the urea cycle. NCG (brand name, Carbaglu) was recently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) for the management of NAGS deficiency and by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the treatment of NAGS deficiency as well as for the treatment of hyperammonenia in propionic, methylmalonic and isovaleric acidemias in Europe. Areas covered: The history, mechanism of action, and efficacy of this new drug are described. Moreover, clinical utility of NCG in a variety of inborn errors of metabolism with secondary NAGS deficiency is discussed. Expert commentary: NCG has favorable pharmacological features including better bioavailability compared to NAG. The clinical use of NCG has proven to be so effective as to make dietary protein restriction unnecessary for patients with NAGS deficiency. It has been also demonstrated to be effective for hyperammonemia secondary to other types of inborn errors of metabolism. NCG may have additional therapeutic potential in conditions such as hepatic hyperammonemic encephalopathy secondary to chemotherapies or other liver pathology.
- N-acetyl glutamate deficiency
- N-carbamoyl-L-glutamic acid
- inborn errors of metabolism
- urea cycle