Efficacy and safety of peanut epicutaneous immunotherapy in patients with atopic comorbidities

Carla M. Davis, Lars Lange, Kirsten Beyer, David M. Fleischer, Lara Ford, Gordon Sussman, Roxanne C. Oriel, Jacqueline A. Pongracic, Wayne Shreffler, Katharine J. Bee, Dianne E. Campbell, Todd D. Green, Romain Lambert, Aurélie Peillon, Philippe Bégin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Co-occurring atopic conditions are common in children with peanut allergy. As such, it is important to examine the safety and efficacy of epicutaneous immunotherapy with Viaskin Peanut 250 μg patch (VP250) in peanut-allergic children with these conditions. Objective: We sought to compare efficacy and safety of VP250 versus placebo in peanut-allergic children with/without ongoing atopic conditions at baseline, including asthma, atopic dermatitis/eczema, or concomitant food allergy. Methods: A subgroup analysis of peanut-allergic children aged 4 to 11 years enrolled in PEPITES (12 months) and REALISE (6 months) randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trials was conducted. The efficacy outcome measure was the difference in prespecified responder rate between placebo and VP250 groups at month 12 based on eliciting dose of peanut protein using double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge in PEPITES. Safety profiles were evaluated by baseline concomitant disease subgroup in all randomized subjects who received 1 or more dose of the study drug in PEPITES and REALISE pooled data. Results: Responder rates were significantly (P <.05, all comparisons) greater with VP250 compared with placebo treatment regardless of whether subjects had other atopic conditions. Safety and tolerability profiles were generally similar across subgroups, with no new safety concerns detected. A trend for both higher responder rates and rates of local reactions was observed in subjects with baseline atopic dermatitis versus those without. In subjects with concomitant food allergy at baseline, higher rates of treatment-emergent adverse events, but not study discontinuations or overall rates of anaphylaxis, were observed. Conclusions: The results support the safety and efficacy of VP250 for treating peanut-allergic children with or without concomitant atopic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: Global
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Epicutaneous immunotherapy
  • Viaskin Peanut
  • children
  • concomitant atopic conditions
  • desensitization
  • food allergy
  • immunotherapy
  • peanut allergy


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