Efficacy and Safety of Maintenance Ustekinumab for Ulcerative Colitis Through 3 Years: UNIFI Long-term Extension

Maria T. Abreu, David S. Rowbotham, Silvio Danese, William J. Sandborn, Ye Miao, Hongyan Zhang, Ilia Tikhonov, Remo Panaccione, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Ellen J. Scherl, Rupert W. Leong, Ramesh P. Arasaradnam, Waqqas Afif, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Bruce E. Sands, Colleen Marano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The UNIFI long-term extension [LTE] study reports the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous 90 mg ustekinumab through 3 years of maintenance therapy. METHODS: Patients randomised to ustekinumab every 12 weeks [q12w] or every 8 weeks [q8w] at maintenance baseline [N = 348] and randomised ustekinumab-treated patients in the LTE [N = 284] were evaluated. Symptomatic remission [Mayo stool frequency = 0/1, rectal bleeding = 0] was assessed. Safety included all LTE patients [N = 188 placebo and N = 457 ustekinumab]. RESULTS: Among patients randomised to the ustekinumab q12w and q8w groups at maintenance baseline, 54.1% and 56.3% achieved symptomatic remission at Week 152, respectively. Overall, 20% of patients discontinued ustekinumab, 10% of biologic-naïve and 30% of biologic-exposed patients. Among patients in symptomatic remission at Year 3, 94.6% and 98.0% of patients were also corticosteroid free, respectively. Corticosteroid-free symptomatic remission rates in the ustekinumab q12w and q8w groups were 51.2% and 55.1% at Week 152, respectively. Remission rates were higher for biologic-naïve patients than for those with a history of biologic failure. Biochemical evidence of response was demonstrated by stable, decreased C-reactive protein and faecal calprotectin measurements over 3 years. From Weeks 96 to 156, no deaths, major adverse cardiovascular events, or tuberculosis occurred. Nasopharyngitis, ulcerative colitis, and upper respiratory tract infection were most frequently reported. One ustekinumab-treated patient with a history of basal cell carcinoma [BCC] reported two BCCs. One patient in the q8w ustekinumab group, who was receiving concomitant 6-mercaptopurine, experienced serious adverse events of neutropenic sepsis and oral herpes. CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy of ustekinumab in patients with ulcerative colitis was confirmed through 3 years. No new safety signals were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1234
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Ustekinumab
  • symptomatic remission
  • ulcerative colitis

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