Effects of the isoflavone 4′,5,7,-trihydroxyisoflavone (genistein) on psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA)-induced photodamage

Eileen Q. Shyong, Yuhun Lu, Alison Lazinsky, Rao N. Saladi, Robert G. Phelps, Lisa M. Austin, Mark Lebwohl, Huachen Wei

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61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-term psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) therapy is associated with an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Genistein (4′,5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone), a major isoflavone in soybeans and a specific inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase, has been shown to inhibit UVB induced skin carcinogenesis in hairless mice. For this study we examined the protective effects of topical genistein on PUVA-induced photodamage. In two separate experiments, genistein in a dimethyl sulfoxide/acetone (1:9) solution was applied to SKH-1 female mice 1 h post 8-methoxy-psoralen dosing and 1 h prior to UVA irradiation. Application of genistein significantly decreased PUVA-induced skin thickening, and greatly diminished cutaneous erythema and ulceration in a dose-dependent manner. Histological examination showed that PUVA treatment of mouse skin induced dramatic inflammatory changes throughout the epidermis; topical genistein prevented these changes without noticeable adverse effects. Cells containing cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and active caspase-3 were significantly increased in PUVA-treated skin (P < 0.05 and P < 0.0001, respectively) as compared with unexposed control skin. Topical genistein completely inhibited cleavage of PARP and caspase-3. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) positive cells were observed in suprabasal areas of the epidermis and were significantly decreased in PUVA-treated skin compared with both control samples and samples treated with PUVA plus topical genistein (P < 0.005). These results indicate that genistein protects the skin from PUVA-induced photodamage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-321
Number of pages5
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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