Objective:To evaluate the direct and interacting effects of personal and systemic factors that contribute to psychological distress among frontline healthcare workers (FHCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods:Data were collected using a hospital-wide, cross-sectional survey. A multivariable binary logistic regression and relative importance analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with screening positive for C19-distress.Results:A total of 1005 (39.0%, 95%CI-37.1-40.9%) out of 2579 FHCWs met the prespecified cutoff values for significant symptoms of C19-distress. Fewer sleep hours and lower perceptions of leadership support explained the majority of variance (19.4% relative variance explained [RVE]) in C19-distress, followed by team camaraderie (6.4% RVE), physical exercise (4.9% RVE), and engagement in hobbies (3.2% RVE).Conclusion:These results underscore the importance of restorative behaviors as potential targets to help decrease distress and promote resilience in FHCWs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-420
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2022


  • COVID-19
  • health care workers
  • modifiable behaviors
  • psychological distress
  • well-being


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