Effects of prior beta-blocker therapy on clinical outcomes after primary coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

Kishore J. Harjai, Gregg W. Stone, Judith Boura, Lorelei Grines, Eulogio Garcia, Bruce Brodie, David Cox, William W. O'Neill, Cindy Grines

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50 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesized that pretreatment with β blockers may improve clinical outcomes after primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. We pooled clinical, angiographic, and outcomes data on 2,537 patients enrolled in the Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction (PAMI), PAMI-2, and Stent PAMI trials. We classified patients into a β group (n = 1,132) if they received β-blocker therapy before primary angioplasty or a no-β group (n = 1,405) if they did not. We evaluated procedural complications and in-hospital and 1-year outcomes (death and major adverse cardiac events [death, reinfarction, target vessel revascularization, or stroke]) between groups. Beta patients were younger, had higher systolic blood pressure and heart rate, and were more likely to be in Killip class I at admission. They had lower left ventricular ejection fraction, greater door-to-balloon time, greater likelihood of having a left anterior descending artery culprit lesion, but a similar incidence of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow after angioplasty (92.6% vs 92.7%, p = 0.91). The β group had less procedural complications (23% vs 34%, p <0.0001) and a lower incidence of death (1.8% vs 3.7%, p = 0.0035) and major adverse cardiac events (5.5% vs 7.8%, p = 0.027) during hospitalization. At 1 year, mortality remained lower in β patients (4.9% vs 6.7%, log-rank p = 0.055). After adjustment for baseline differences, β patients had significantly lower in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 0.41; 95% confidence interval 0.20 to 0.84; p <0.0148) and nonsignificantly lower 1-year mortality (odds ratio 0.72; 95% confidence interval 0.47 to 1.08; p = 0.11). Thus, pretreatment with β blockers has an independent beneficial effect on short-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-660
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2003

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