Effects of Malonate Administration on Renal Ammoniagenesis in Intact Dogs (42996)

Alvaro Risquez, Edmund Bourke, Vera Delaney, Harry G. Preuss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the dog kidney in vivo, malonate augmented ammoniagenesis from both amide and nonamide nitrogen sources, similar to previous in vitro investigations using incubating canine renal tubules. This was highly significant in alkalotic dogs, where it was accompanied by decreased renal tissue concentrations of glutamate. Changes in renal ammonia metabolism were less evident in acidotic dogs where a markedly decreased glomerular filtration rate was noted following malonate administration. Under conditions of complete ureteric obstruction which effectively abolished glomerular filtration, malonate significantly augmented ammoniagenesis above baseline in acidotic dogs. These in vivo results with malonate have similarities to those seen in dogs subjected to an acid challenge alone and suggest that the adaptation in renal ammoniagenesis under both circumstances occurs via enhanced deamination of glutamate pools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Volume192
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989
Externally publishedYes

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