Effects of cyclosporine on transplant tolerance: The role of IL-2

H. G. Kang, D. Zhang, N. Degauque, C. Mariat, S. Alexopoulos, X. X. Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Allograft† transplant outcome, rejection or tolerance, depends upon striking a balance between the pertinent cytopathic and regulatory T cells. The drug cyclosporine is a widely used immunosuppressive agent among transplant recipients. Previous studies have demonstrated that cyclosporine blocks apoptosis of activated T cells and the ability of costimulation blockade based regimens to create peripheral transplant tolerance. We now test the hypothesis that the mechanism by which cyclosporine blocks tolerance induction is IL-2 dependent, and linked to a detrimental effect upon Treg function. Our study demonstrates that cyclosporine blocks IL-2 gene expression and activation induced cell death (AICD) of alloreactive T effector cells. We also show that cyclosporine abolishes the beneficial effects of a donor specific transfusion (DST) plus anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (αCD154) regimen on enhanced Tregs function and allograft tolerance induction. Interestingly, provision of IL-2/Fc, a long-lived form of IL-2, completely reverses the detrimental effects of this adjunctive cyclosporine treatment on AICD of alloreactive T effectors, Tregs function and tolerance induction. Futhermore, in a MHC mismatched islet allograft model, the combination of cyclosporine with IL-2/Fc permitted long-term allograft survival and induced alloantigen specific allograft tolerance. The combination of IL-2/Fc and cyclosporine treatment may provide a new clinical strategy to promote transplant tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1916
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IL-2
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Regulatory T cells
  • Tolerance
  • Transplantation

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