The inhibitory effects of cyclosporin A (CsA) and FK506 on Fc(ε) receptor type I-initiated increases in cytokine mRNA and the expression of their intracellular binding proteins were studied in interleukin 3 (IL-3)- dependent, mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). In BMMCs sensitized with IgE anti-trinitrophenyl, CsA inhibited trinitrophenylated bovine serum albumin-induced increases in mRNA for IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF- α), and IL-6 in a dose-related manner (IC50 values of 4, 65, and 130 nM, respectively). FK506 did not inhibit hapten-specific increases of mRNA for TNF-α or IL-6, and for IL-1β the IC50 was >50-fold higher than that of CsA. Neither agent inhibited exocytosis of the endogenous secretory granule mediators β-hexosaminidase and histamine at the IC50 values for inhibition of increases in cytokine mRNA. BMMCs expressed cyclophilin, and CsA inhibited the phosphatase activity of cellular calcineurin with an IC50 of ≃8 nM. That CsA inhibited IL-1β mRNA accumulation in IgE-activated BMMCs with an IC50 similar to that for inhibition of calcineurin activity, whereas the IC50 values were ≃20-fold higher for the inhibition of TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA, suggests that the induction of TNF-α and IL-6 is less dependent upon calcineurin activity than is the induction of IL-1β. BMMCs were deficient in the 12-kDa FK506-binding protein FKBP12, but not FKBP13, as assessed by RNA and protein blot analyses. FK506 did not inhibit calcineurin phosphatase activity in BMMCs, even at drug concentrations of 1000 nM. The resistance of BMMCs to inhibition of Fc(ε) receptor type I-mediated increases in cytokine mRNA by FK506 is most likely due to their deficiency of FKBP12 and the related inability to inhibit the activity of calcineurin.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|