Effects of bile acid oxazolines on gallstone formation in prairie dogs

Bertram I. Cohen, Anil K. Singhal, Richard J. Stenger, Patricia May-Donath, Judith Finver-Sadowsky, Charles K. McSherry, Erwin H. Mosbach

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of 2 bile acid analogs, chenodeoxy-oxazoline [2-(3α,7α-dihydroxy-24-nor-5β-cholanyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline] and ursodeoxy-oxazoline [2-(3α, 7β-dihydroxy-24-nor-5β-cholanyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline] were examined in the prairie dog model of cholesterol cholelithiasis. Gallstones and biliary cholesterol crystals were induced in 5 out of 6 male prairie dogs fed a semisynthetic diet containing 0.4% cholesterol for 8 weeks. Six animals maintained on a low cholesterol control diet (0.08% cholesterol) exhibited neither gallstones nor biliary cholesterol crystals. The addition of 0.06% chenodeoxy-oxazoline to the lithogenic diet did not prevent induced cholelithiasis or the appearance of cholesterol crystals in bile. In contrast, 0.06% dietary ursodeoxy-oxazoline prevented gallstones in 5 out of 6 prairie dogs (but cholesterol crystals were present in the bile of 4 of these animals). Histologically, most of the livers from the prairie dogs fed the cholesterol-supplemented semisynthetic diet showed bile duct proliferation, inflammatory infiltration and fibrosis along the portal tracts. These pathologic changes were generally not ameliorated by adding chenodeoxy-oxazoline or chenodeoxy-oxazoline plus chenodeoxycholic acid to the diet. Portal tract pathology was markedly reduced in most animals by adding ursodeoxy-oxazoline to the cholesterol-supplemented diet. The pathologic changes overall could best be correlated with the presence of gallstones, but not with the incidence of biliary cholesterol crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalLipids
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1984

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