The present study was a 4-week randomized trial to assess the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitor, in persistent or recurring type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). Participants (n = 32) completed a mixed meal test (MMT) and self-monitoring of plasma glucose (SMPG) before and 4 weeks after randomization to either sitagliptin 100 mg daily or placebo daily. Questionnaires were administered to assess gastrointestinal discomfort. Outcome variables were glucose, active glucagon-like peptide-1 and β-cell function during the MMT, and glucose levels during SMPG. Age (56.3 ± 8.2 years), body mass index (34.4 ± 6.7 kg/m2), glycated haemoglobin (7.21 ± 0.77%), diabetes duration (12.9 ± 10.0 years), years since RYGB (5.6 ± 3.3 years) and β-cell function did not differ between the placebo and sitagliptin groups at pre-intervention. Sitagliptin was well tolerated, decreased postprandial glucose levels during the MMT (from 8.31 ± 1.92 mmol/L to 7.67 ± 1.59 mmol/L, P = 0.03) and mean SMPG levels, but had no effect on β-cell function. In patients with diabetes and mild hyperglycemia after RYGB, a short course of sitagliptin provided a small but significant glucose-lowering effect, with no identified improvement in β-cell function.
- dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitor
- gastric bypass
- type 2 diabetes