Effect of Roflumilast Cream (ARQ-151) on Itch and Itch-Related Sleep Loss in Adults with Chronic Plaque Psoriasis: Patient-Reported Itch Outcomes of a Phase 2b Trial

Linda Stein Gold, Javier Alonso-Llamazares, Zoe D. Draelos, Melinda J. Gooderham, Steven E. Kempers, Leon H. Kircik, Mark G. Lebwohl, Kim A. Papp, David M. Pariser, Darryl P. Toth, Gil Yosipovitch, Robert C. Higham, Amy Feng, David R. Berk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Itch is the most bothersome symptom reported by patients with psoriasis. Safe and effective treatments for psoriasis that also address itch are needed. Objectives: To report effects of roflumilast cream on itch-related outcomes from a Phase 2b trial. Methods: Adults with chronic plaque psoriasis were randomized to roflumilast 0.3%, roflumilast 0.15%, or vehicle once-daily for 12 weeks. Psoriasis severity was assessed via the Investigator Global Assessment (IGA; a 5-point scale assessing plaque thickening, scaling, and erythema ranging from 0 [clear] to 4 [severe]) and ≥ 2 on a modified Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI-HD, which combines severity of lesions and area affected, ranging from 0 [no disease] to 72 [maximal disease], with the actual percentage of the anatomical area involved in those patients with < 10% of anatomical area involved [e.g., 0.1 for 1% to 0.9 for 9%]). Itch was evaluated via Worst Itch Numeric Rating Scale (WI-NRS), Psoriasis Symptom Diary (PSD) Items 1 (severity of itch) and 2 (bother of itch), and itch-related sleep loss NRS scores. Post hoc correlation analyses between WI-NRS and PASI, WI-NRS and itch-related sleep loss, and WI-NRS and DLQI were also performed. Results: Roflumilast-treated patients had significantly greater improvements than vehicle-treated patients in WI-NRS and PSD Items 1 and 2 beginning at Week 2 and in itch-related sleep loss Weeks 6 through 12. Among patients with baseline WI-NRS ≥ 6, significantly more patients achieved ≥ 4-point improvement with roflumilast than with vehicle as early as Week 2. Itch severity had low correlation with PASI while WI-NRS and IGA were not always aligned. Limitations: The first assessment was at 2 weeks, limiting the ability to assess early onset of itch response. Conclusion: Roflumilast cream improved itch and itch-related sleep loss associated with chronic plaque psoriasis. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03638258.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-313
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

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