PURPOSE: The occurrence of neointimal hyperplasia within a stent may result in restenosis with recurrent symptoms of endorgan ischemia. This study evaluated the potential of a nonporous covering of a stent to function as a barrier to the formation of intrastent neointimal hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve endovascular stent grafts were used to treat 12 high-risk patients with limb-threatening ischemia secondary to long-segment iliac artery occlusion. A 6-mm, thin-walled polytetrafluoroethylene graft was inserted and anchored to the common iliac artery with use of Palmaz stents. Each stent was covered by graft material over one-half of its length. Control angiograms obtained immediately after graft insertion were compared with follow-up angiograms obtained between 4 and 6 months after the initial procedure. On each angiogram, the region of the stent was magnified by 20x to permit computerized luminal diameter measurements. RESULTS: The mean luminal diameter within the stent was significantly greater on the covered (7.7 mm ± 0.33 standard deviation) compared with the uncovered (6.7 mm ± 0.85 standard deviation) portions (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Partially covered stents are a unique model for assessing the effects of an extrinsic stent covering on arterial healing and myointimal hyperplasia. These data suggest that a relatively nonporous covering of polytetrafluoroethylene may inhibit stent-related restenosis in iliac arteries.
- Arteries, grafts and prostheses, 984.1268
- Arteries, iliac, 984.1268
- Stents and prostheses, 984.1268