Effect of insulinlike growth factor-1 treatment in children with cystic fibrosis

John C. Bucuvalas, Steven D. Chernausek, Mary Pat Alfaro, Susan K. Krug, Wolfgang Ritschel, Robert W. Wilmott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Malnutrition is common in cystic fibrosis (CF) and adversely affects survival. Because insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has insulinlike effects in terms of carbohydrate metabolism and is growth promoting, the authors hypothesized that its use would increase linear growth rate and decrease insulin requirements in children with CF. Methods: The authors used a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design. Seven prepubertal children aged 9.6 to 13 years (5 boys and 2 girls) were treated with placebo or IGF-1 for 6 months. After a 6-month washout period, patients received the alternative therapy for 6 months. The primary outcome measure was linear growth rate. Secondary outcome measures were changes in body mass index, body composition determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), and the blood glucose/insulin ratio. Results: The mean height z score at baseline was - 1.5 ± 0.8. At entry, the mean serum IGF-1 level was 124 ± 25 ng/mL (normal range, 110-771 ng/mL). With treatment, mean serum IGF-1 levels increased twofold to threefold for all patients. The half-life for IGF-1 was 10.3 hours. We observed no significant difference in linear growth rate, weight gain, rate of accretion of lean body mass, or mean FEV1 during treatment with IGF-1 compared with placebo. The glucose/insulin ratio, an indirect index of insulin sensitivity, was significantly increased with IGF-1 treatment compared with placebo (P < 0.02). No adverse events related to IGF-1 were detected. Conclusions: Treatment with IGF-1 for 6 months did not promote linear growth in prepubertal children with CF. However, the glucose/insulin ratio was increased without changing blood glucose levels with IGF-1 treatment suggesting increased insulin sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-581
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Insulinlike growth factor-1
  • Malnutrition

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