Effect of Deferoxamine on Outcome According to Baseline Hematoma Volume: A Post Hoc Analysis of the i-DEF Trial

Chenchen Wei, Jeffrey Wang, Lydia D. Foster, Sharon D. Yeatts, Claudia Moy, J. Mocco, Magdy Selim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Hematoma volume (HV) is a powerful determinant of outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage. We examined whether the effect of the iron chelator, deferoxamine, on functional outcome varied depending on HV in the i-DEF trial (Intracerebral Hemorrhage Deferoxamine). Methods: A post hoc analysis of the i-DEF trial; participants were classified according to baseline HV (small <10 mL, moderate 10-30 mL, and large >30 mL). Favorable outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2 at day-180; secondarily at day-90. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the differential treatment effect according to HV. Results: Two hundred ninety-one subjects were included in the as-treated analysis; 121 with small, 114 moderate, and 56 large HV. Day-180 modified Rankin Scale scores were available for 270/291 subjects (111 with small, 105 moderate, and 54 large HV). There was a differential effect of treatment according to HV on day-180 outcomes (P-for-interaction =0.0077); 50% (27/54) of deferoxamine-treated patients with moderate HV had favorable outcome compared with 25.5% (13/51) of placebo-treated subjects (adjusted odds ratio, 2.7 [95% CI, 1.13-6.27]; P=0.0258). Treatment effect was not significant for small (adjusted odds ratio, 1.37 [95% CI, 0.62-3.02]) or large (adjusted odds ratio, 0.12 [95% CI, 0.01-1.05]) HV. Results for day-90 outcomes were comparable (P-for-interaction =0.0617). Sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. Conclusions: Among patients with moderate HV, a greater proportion of deferoxamine-than placebo-treated patients achieved modified Rankin Scale score 0-2. The treatment effect was not significant for small or large HVs. These findings have important trial design and therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1156
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • deferoxamine
  • hematoma
  • hemorrhage
  • iron
  • odds ratio


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