Education research: Resident education through adult learning in neurology: Implementation and impact

Hazem Shoirah, Achilles Ntranos, Rachel Brandstadter, Yangbo Liu, Elisha Medina, Jamie Kwan, Stephen Krieger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To enhance residency education by implementing the 6 principles of adult learning theory (ALT) in a large academic neurology residency program. Methods: We implemented a set of curricular interventions aimed at Resident Education through Adult Learning in Neurology (REAL Neurology), in a large, academic neurology residency program. Interventions included didactic reform, increasing resident-as-teacher activities, and enhancing residents' interaction. The primary outcome was the change in mean Residency In-service Training Examination (RITE) percentile between the preintervention and postintervention cohorts, adjusting for US Medical Licensing Examination step 1 and 2 score. Other analysis included evaluating the effect of the duration of intervention exposure on outcome and evaluating the intervention effect on the proportion of advanced performers. Results: A total of 134 RITE score reports were evaluated (87 preintervention and 47 postintervention). The mean RITE score percentile postintervention was 11.7 points higher than preintervention (adjusted, longitudinal analysis: fit linear mixed model, p < 0.0001). Postgraduate year 3 learners who had 1 and 2 years of exposure scored 13.4 and 18.9 points higher than those with no exposure at all, respectively (analysis of covariance, p = 0.04). The adjusted odds of better performance with REAL Neurology was 5.77 (ordinal logistic regression, 95% confidence interval 2.37-14.07, p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study evaluated the efficacy and feasibility of an ALT-based curricular program in neurology education. The results show robust and sustainable benefit for residents in training without imposing a financial or logistical burden on programs. REAL Neurology could serve as a model for curricular reform in other programs across subspecialties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-238
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2018


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