Early recognition of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma utilizing gallium-67 citrate scintigraphy

A. N. Serafini, L. J. Jeffers, R. Reddy, S. Heiba, E. R. Schiff

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12 Scopus citations


Gallium-67 scintigraphy is a valuable test together with other screening tests such as alpha feto-protein (AFP) and other imaging modalities in following up recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Three patients were followed in our institution for intervals varying from 2-24 mo after successful resection of uninodular localized hepatomas. In the first patient, gallium scan showed abnormal localized activity while the computed tomography (CT) scan and the magnetic resonance imaging were negative. Liver function tests and AFP were also normal and the patient was operated upon only on the basis of the gallium scan. The second patient had a follow-up gallium scan 2 mo after the first operation that showed an area of increased activity along the inferior aspect of the right lobe. A CT scan done after that showed no evidence of recurrence, but subsequently became positive when repeated 4 mo later. The third patient had abnormal simultaneous gallium scan and CT scan demonstrating a recurrence in the left adrenal gland while both AFP and carcinoembryonic antigen were normal. This had led us to consider every patient a candidate for a baseline and follow-up gallium scan for evaluation for recurrence following HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-716
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


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