Early Experience With New Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement

Intrepid Global Pilot Study Investigators, Intrepid Global Pilot Study Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

222 Scopus citations


Background Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a potential therapy for patients with symptomatic, severe mitral regurgitation (MR). The feasibility of this therapy remains to be defined. Objectives The authors report their early experience with TMVR using a new valve system. Methods The valve is a self-expanding, nitinol valve with bovine pericardial leaflets that is placed using a transapical delivery system. Patients with symptomatic MR who were deemed high or extreme risk by the local heart teams were enrolled in a global pilot study at 14 sites (United States, Australia, and Europe). Results Fifty consecutively enrolled patients (mean age: 73 ± 9 years; 58.0% men; 84% secondary MR) underwent TMVR with the valve. The mean Society for Thoracic Surgery score was 6.4 ± 5.5%; 86% of patients were New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 43 ± 12%. Device implant was successful in 48 patients with a median deployment time of 14 min (interquartile range: 12 to 17 min). The 30-day mortality was 14%, with no disabling strokes, or repeat interventions. Median follow-up was 173 days (interquartile range: 54 to 342 days). At latest follow-up, echocardiography confirmed mild or no residual MR in all patients who received implants. Improvements in symptom class (79% in New York Heart Association functional class I or II at follow-up; p < 0.0001 vs. baseline) and Minnesota Heart Failure Questionnaire scores (56.2 ± 26.8 vs. 31.7 ± 22.1; p = 0.011) were observed. Conclusions TMVR with the valve was feasible in a study group at high or extreme risk for conventional mitral valve replacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2018


  • mitral valve regurgitation
  • prosthesis
  • transcatheter mitral valve replacement


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