Early diagnostic markers in predicting the severity of dengue disease

Errol Moras, Basavaprabhu Achappa, B. V. Murlimanju, G. M.Naveen Raj, Ramesh Holla, Deepak Madi, Nikhil Victor D’Souza, Soundarya Mahalingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine whether the serum ferritin, the biomarker of an acute phase reactant and the gall bladder wall edema, an early indicator of capillary leakage can predict the severity of dengue fever. This study included 131 patients, who were between the age group of 18–80 years. The patients presented to our department with an acute illness, within the first four days of high temperature. The statistical analysis of this study was performed by using the Chi-square and independent Student’s t tests. The diagnostic markers are considered statistically significant, if the serum ferritin level is higher than 500 ng/ml and the gall bladder wall thickness is more than 3 mm. The present study observed that, 39 patients (89%) who had severe dengue (n = 44) revealed a significant gall bladder wall thickening, and this correlation was significant statistically (p < 0.000). It was also observed that, the ferritin levels have a highly significant positive correlation with the severity of dengue. The severe dengue patients had a mean ferritin level of 9125.34 μg/l, whereas the non-severe group had 4271 μg/l. This comparison was also statistically significant, as the p value was 0.003. We report that the serum ferritin levels have a highly significant positive correlation with the severity of dengue. The gall bladder wall edema during the third and fourth day of the illness was also associated with severe dengue. However, diffuse gall bladder wall thickening and high serum ferritin levels are also reported in various other conditions and their exact cause have to be determined by the correlation of associated clinical findings and imaging features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number268
Journal3 Biotech
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dengue fever
  • Ferritin
  • Gall bladder diseases
  • Severe dengue

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