E-Cadherin restricts mast cell degranulation in mice

Theres Klewer, Ljubica Bakic, Thomas Müller-Reichert, Robert Kiewisz, Gregor Jessberger, Nadine Kiessling, Axel Roers, Rolf Jessberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crosslinking of FcεRI-bound IgE triggers the release of a large number of biologically active, potentially anaphylactic compounds by mast cells. FcεRI activation ought to be well-controlled to restrict adverse activation. As mast cells are embedded in tissues, adhesion molecules may contribute to limiting premature activation. Here, we report that E-Cadherin serves that purpose. Having confirmed that cultured mast cells express E-Cadherin, a mast-cell-specific E-Cadherin deficiency, Mcpt5-Cre E-Cdhfl/fl mice, was used to analyze mast cell degranulation in vitro and in vivo. Cultured peritoneal mast cells from Mcpt5-Cre E-Cdhfl/fl mice were normal with respect to many parameters but showed much-enhanced degranulation in three independent assays. Soluble E-Cadherin reduced the degranulation of control cells. The release of some newly synthesized inflammatory cytokines was decreased by E-Cadherin deficiency. Compared to controls, Mcpt5-Cre E-Cdhfl/fl mice reacted much stronger to IgE-dependent stimuli, developing anaphylactic shock. We suggest E-Cadherin-mediated tissue interactions restrict mast cell degranulation to prevent their precocious activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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