Dysregulation of mitochondrial and proteolysosomal genes in Parkinson’s disease myeloid cells

Elisa Navarro, Evan Udine, Katia de Paiva Lopes, Madison Parks, Giulietta Riboldi, Brian M. Schilder, Jack Humphrey, Gijsje J.L. Snijders, Ricardo A. Vialle, Maojuan Zhuang, Tamjeed Sikder, Charalambos Argyrou, Amanda Allan, Michael J. Chao, Kurt Farrell, Brooklyn Henderson, Sarah Simon, Deborah Raymond, Sonya Elango, Roberto A. OrtegaVicki Shanker, Matthew Swan, Carolyn W. Zhu, Ritesh Ramdhani, Ruth H. Walker, Winona Tse, Mary Sano, Ana C. Pereira, Tim Ahfeldt, Alison M. Goate, Susan Bressman, John F. Crary, Lotje de Witte, Steven Frucht, Rachel Saunders-Pullman, Towfique Raj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


An increasing number of identified Parkinson’s disease (PD) risk loci contain genes highly expressed in innate immune cells, yet their role in pathology is not understood. We hypothesized that PD susceptibility genes modulate disease risk by influencing gene expression within immune cells. To address this, we generated transcriptomic profiles of monocytes from healthy subjects and 230 individuals with sporadic PD. We observed dysregulation of mitochondrial and proteasomal pathways. We also generated transcriptomic profiles of primary microglia from brains of 55 subjects and observed discordant transcriptomic signatures of mitochondrial genes in PD monocytes and microglia. We further identified 17 PD susceptibility genes whose expression, relative to each risk allele, was altered in monocytes. These findings reveal widespread transcriptomic alterations in PD monocytes, with some being distinct from microglia, and facilitate efforts to understand the roles of myeloid cells in PD as well as the development of biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-863
Number of pages14
JournalNature Aging
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


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