Dysmorphic features, cognitive disability, chronic inflammation, and predisposition to vascular disease in two sisters: A new autosomal recessive disorder?

Milen Velinov, Natalia Dolzhanskaya, Prema Ramaswamy, Laura Barinstein, R. Morgan Stuart, Philip Kahn, Neil Feldstein, Ricardo E. Madrid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 20-year-old woman presented with mental retardation and a history of stroke related to moyamoya disease at the age of 8 years. She had cognitive impairment which became more pronounced after the stroke. This patient's parents were first cousins and six close family relatives had strokes in their 60s or 70s. The patient's 16-year-old sister had learning disability, chronic muscle pain, and an ECG suggestive of previous hypoxemic heart injury. The two sisters had similar dysmorphic facial appearance including a prominent philtrum, bulbous nose, and severe acne. They both had increased subcutaneous tissue in their faces, whereas their bodies were slim. Both sisters were found to have elevated levels of rheumatoid factor, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate on repeat measurements. Partial autoimmunity screening in one of the patients was negative. Chromosome analysis and array comparative genomic hybridization analyses were also normal. Nerve conduction findings in the younger sister were consistent with distal, predominantly motor, demyelinating neuropathy localized to the lower extremities. We propose that these two sisters suffer from a new autosomal recessive syndrome. Carrier status for this condition may predispose to later onset stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-10
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Dysmorphology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autosomal recessive
  • inflammation
  • learning disabilities
  • moyamoya stroke
  • muscle weakness
  • new syndrome
  • predisposition to stroke

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