Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide, and it is estimated that 294 000 new diagnoses and 37 000 deaths will occur each year in the United States alone by 2030. Large-scale genomic studies have identified a number of genetic loci with alterations in breast cancer. However, identification of the genes that are critical for tumorgenicity still remains a challenge. Here, we perform a comprehensive functional multi-omics analysis of somatic mutations in breast cancer and identify previously unknown key regulators of breast cancer tumorgenicity. We identify dysregulation of MYCBP2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase and an upstream regulator of mTOR signaling, is accompanied with decreased disease-free survival. We validate MYCBP2 as a key target through depletion siRNA using in vitro apoptosis assays in MCF10A, MCF7 and T47D cells. We demonstrate that MYCBP2 loss is associated with resistance to apoptosis from cisplatin-induced DNA damage and cell cycle changes, and that CHEK1 inhibition can modulate MYCBP2 activity and caspase cleavage. Furthermore, we show that MYCBP2 knockdown is associated with transcriptomic responses in TSC2 and in apoptosis genes and interleukins. Therefore, we show that MYCBP2 is an important genetic target that represents a key node regulating multiple molecular pathways in breast cancer corresponding with apparent drug resistance in our study.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberzcad036
JournalNAR Cancer
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023


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