Dysbaric osteonecrosis in mice

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Abstract

The histopathology of dysbaric osteonecrosis and the influence of the number of exposures, compression rate, and obesity on the incidence and latency of the lesion were studied in 438 mice (2505 bones were examined). The animals were subjected to 75 psig air pressure for 2-6 hours (single or multiple exposures). Compression was rapid or stage. Decompression was safe. Osteonecrosis developed in the epiphysis of the tibia and/or femur in 34.1% of obese and in 5.8% of thin animals after a latent period of 2 to at least 12 mth. It is concluded that: dysbaric osteonecrosis appears to be independent of decompression sickness; in obese mice the incidence is higher and the latent period shorter; multiple exposures result in higher incidence and earlier lesions than single exposure; the incidence is lower with stage than with rapid compression; and the pathogenesis of osteonecrosis may involve several factors (circulatory impairment by extravascular or intravascular bubbles, emboli, thrombi, vasoactive substances, gas induced osmosis, autoimmunity) acting in concert or in sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-83
Number of pages17
JournalUndersea Biomedical Research
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

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