Duration of dual antiplatelet therapy following drug-eluting stent implantation: A systemic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials with longer follow up

Abhishek Sharma, Sahil Agrawal, Aakash Garg, Ajay Vallakati, Carl J. Lavie, Gerald Helft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the long term efficacy and safety of long duration DAPT (L-DAPT) compared to short duration DAPT (S-DAPT) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the clinical impact of L-DAPT versus S-DAPT after DES and have mean follow up period of at least 2 years or longer. Primary end point was stent thrombosis (ST). Secondary endpoints were all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major bleeding and stroke. Event rates were compared using a random effects model. Results: We identified five RCTs in which 19,760 patients were randomized to S-DAPT (N = 9,810) and L-DAPT (n = 9,950), respectively. Compared with L-DAPT, S-DAPT was associated with higher rate of MI (odds ratio [OR] 1.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.04, 2.10]). There were no significant differences between S-DAPT and L-DAPT in terms of all cause mortality, cardiac mortality, ST, TVR or stroke (OR 0.90, 95% CI [0.73, 1.12]; OR 1.02, 95% CI [0.80, 1.30]; OR 1.59, 95% CI [0.77, 3.27]; OR 0.87 95% CI [0.67, 1.14]; and OR 1.08 95% CI [0.81, 1.46], respectively). However, rate of TIMI major bleeding was significantly lower with S-DAPT compared to L-DAPT (OR 0.64, 95% CI [0.41, 0.99]). Conclusions: In the present analysis of RCTs with longer follow up (2 years or longer), S-DAPT compared with L-DAPT, was associated with higher rate of MI and lower rate of major bleeding without any significant difference in the rates of all cause mortality, cardiac mortality, ST, TVR, and stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • drug eluting stents
  • dual anti-platelet therapy
  • myocardial infarction
  • stent thrombosis

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