Dual modality radiation with external beam radiation therapy and transarterial radioembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma with gross vascular invasion

Heather M. McGee, Michael J. King, Umut Özbek, Ashley Olson, Edward Kim, Aaron M. Fischman, Myron Schwartz, Kenneth E. Rosenzweig, Michael Buckstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and gross vascular invasion (GVI) have poor outcomes with systemic therapy such as sorafenib. Both external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and transarterial radioembolization (TARE) have been utilized for this patient population. We sought to compare outcomes using dual modality radiation (EBRT+TARE) versus EBRT alone in patients with HCC and GVI. Materials and Methods: Between 2011 and 2017, 45 patients with HCC and GVI were treated with EBRT±TARE at our institution. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed and compared using Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess the impact of the variables stage, etiology of cirrhosis, Child-Pugh (CP) score, and Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS) on PFS and OS. Results: Patient characteristics were well-balanced except for KPS (80 vs. 90) and CP score. Median OS for patients receiving EBRT+TARE was 263 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 167, -) versus 193 days (95% CI: 51, 262) for EBRT alone (P=0.049). However, this did not hold up on MVA. When EBRT and TARE were delivered within 2 months as planned (n=12), median PFS was 218 days (95% CI: 44, -) for dual modality radiation versus 63 days (95% CI: 38, 137) for EBRT alone (P=0.048). When EBRT and TARE were delivered within 6 months, the difference in PFS was no longer seen (P=NS), because some patients received TARE as a salvage therapy. Conclusions: Dual modality radiation with EBRT and TARE may be associated with improved OS in patients with HCC and GVI. Dual modality radiation may be associated with improved PFS in patients with HCC and GVI compared with EBRT alone when EBRT and TARE are delivered within 2 months of each other as part of a planned dual modality treatment strategy. However, since this is a retrospective study with inherent selection bias, these findings need further validation in a prospective clinical trial for patients with HCC and GVI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • EBRT
  • Gross vascular invasion
  • HCC
  • Radiation
  • TARE

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