Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Versus Aspirin Monotherapy in Diabetics With Multivessel Disease Undergoing CABG: FREEDOM Insights

Sean van Diepen, Valentin Fuster, Subodh Verma, Taye H. Hamza, F. Sandra Siami, Shaun G. Goodman, Michael E. Farkouh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Clinical practice guidelines recommend post-operative dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) following acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Objectives The authors have evaluated DAPT utilization rates and associated outcomes among post-CABG patients with diabetes. Methods In a post hoc, nonrandomized analysis from the FREEDOM (Future REvascularization Evaluation in patients with Diabetes mellitus: Optimal management of Multivessel disease) trial, we compared patients receiving DAPT (aspirin plus thienopyridine) and aspirin monotherapy at 30 days post-operatively. The primary outcome was the risk adjusted 5-year FREEDOM composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or stroke. Safety outcomes included major bleeding, blood transfusion, and hospitalization for bleeding. Results At 30 days post-CABG, 544 (68.4%) patients received DAPT and 251 (31.6%) patients received aspirin alone. The median (25th, 75th percentile) duration of clopidogrel therapy was 0.98 (0.23 to 1.91) years. There was no significant difference in the 5-year primary composite outcome between DAPT- and aspirin-treated patients (12.6% vs. 16.0%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54 to 1.27; p = 0.39). The 5-year primary composite outcomes were similar for patients receiving DAPT versus aspirin monotherapy respectively, in subgroups with pre-CABG ACSs (15.2% vs. 16.5%; HR: 1.06; 95% CI: 0.53 to 2.10; p = 0.88) and those with stable angina (11.6% vs. 15.8%; HR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.50 to 1.343; p = 0.42). The composite outcomes of both treatment groups were also similar by SYNTAX score, duration of DAPT therapy, completeness of revascularization, and in off-pump CABG. No treatment-related differences in major bleeding (5.6% vs. 5.7%; HR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.50 to 1.99; p = 0.99), blood transfusions (4.8% vs. 4.5%; HR: 1.09; 95% CI: 0.51 to 2.34; p = 0.82), or hospitalization for bleeding (2.6% vs. 3.3%; HR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.34 to 2.17; p = 0.74) were observed between aspirin- and DAPT-treated patients, respectively. Conclusions The use of DAPT in patients with diabetes post-CABG in our cohort was high. Compared with aspirin monotherapy, no associated differences were observed in cardiovascular or bleeding outcomes, suggesting that routine use of DAPT may not be clinically warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-127
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • antiplatelet therapy
  • aspirin
  • clopidogrel
  • coronary artery bypass grafting

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