Doppler US in patients with Crohn disease: Vessel density in the diseased bowel reflects disease activity

J. Spalinger, H. Patriquin, M. C. Miron, G. Marx, D. Herzog, J. Dubois, M. Dubinsky, E. G. Seidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine if neovascularization associated with Crohn disease, as detected with Doppler ultrasonography (US), reflects clinical disease activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A devised measurement, vessel density, was estimated with color Doppler US. Patients with Crohn disease underwent clinical and laboratory assessment in which the Crohn disease activity index was measured; patients underwent abdominal US the same week. Color Doppler US was performed by using a 7.5-10.0- or 8.0-12.0-MHz transducer, the lowest possible pulse repetition frequency without aliasing, a low wall filter, and high Doppler gain settings. The length and thickness of the affected loops were measured, and the number of color Doppler signals per square centimeter in the bowel loop was counted. Pulsed Doppler US was used to confirm that the signals originated from arteries or veins and not from movement artifacts. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients (aged 7-20 years; mean, 14.85 years; 44 female, 48 male) underwent 119 examinations; 85 were performed in patients with active disease. Affected loops were thicker (10.6 vs 4.6 mm; P < .001) and had a higher vessel density with disease (69 of 119 examinations) than during remission (two of 34 examinations; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Vessel density in affected bowel loops, as estimated with Doppler US, and bowel wall thickness (>5 mm) reflect disease activity in patients with Crohn disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-791
Number of pages5
JournalRadiology
Volume217
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdomen, US
  • Blood vessels, US
  • Crohn disease
  • Intestines, abnormalities
  • Ultrasound (US), Doppler studies
  • Ultrasound (US), pulsed

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