Does pulsed field ablation regress over time? A quantitative temporal analysis of pulmonary vein isolation

Iwanari Kawamura, Petr Neuzil, Poojita Shivamurthy, Jan Petru, Moritoshi Funasako, Kentaro Minami, Kenji Kuroki, Srinivas R. Dukkipati, Jacob S. Koruth, Vivek Y. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: The tissue specificity of pulsed field ablation (PFA) makes it an attractive energy source for pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI). However, beyond each PFA lesion's zone of irreversible electroporation and cell death, there may be a surrounding zone of reversible electroporation and cell injury that could potentially normalize with time. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the level of electrical PVI that is observed acutely after PFA regresses over time. Methods: In a clinical trial, patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation underwent PVI using a biphasic PFA waveform delivered through a dedicated, variably deployable multielectrode basket/flower catheter. Detailed voltage maps were created using a multispline diagnostic catheter immediately after PFA and again ∼3 months later in a prospective, protocol-specified reassessment procedure. We analyzed 20 patients who underwent PFA with durable PVI and available maps from both time points. To compare the ablated zones, the left- and right-sided PV antral isolation areas and nonablated posterior wall area were quantified and the distances between left and right PV low-voltage edges were measured. Results: A comparison of voltage maps immediately after PFA and at a median of 84 days (interquartile range 69–90 days) later revealed that there was no significant difference in either the left- and right-sided PV antral isolation areas or nonablated posterior wall area. The distances between low-voltage edges on the posterior wall were also not significantly different between the 2 time points. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the level of PV antral isolation after PFA with a multielectrode PFA catheter persists without regression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-884
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Electroporation
  • Level of isolation
  • Pulmonary vein isolation
  • Pulsed field ablation


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