Do patients' characteristics influence their healthcare concerns?-A hospital care survey

George G.A. Pujalte, Isaac I. Effiong, Tais G.O. Bertasi, Raphael A.O. Bertasi, Susannah S. Rothstein, Ryan Cudahy, Lorenzo O. Hernandez, Timothy M. Davlantes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background Hospital performance is often monitored by surveys that assess patient experiences with hospital care. Certain patient characteristics may shape how some aspects of hospital care are viewed and reported on surveys. Objective The aim of the study was to examine factors considered important to patients and determine whether there were differences in answers based on age, gender, or educational level. Methods Cross-sectional study based on a hospital survey developed via literature review and specialist recommendations. This study included randomly selected patients 18 years or older who were recently admitted to the hospital or admitted more than 50 days before the survey was being applied. Survey domains included age, gender, educational level, factors considered important for the health care in a hospital setting and sources of information about hospital quality used by each subject. Answers description and statistical analysis using Fisher exact test were performed. Results The survey was applied to 262 patients who were admitted under different services. The most important concern reported was the risk of getting a hospital-acquired infection (67.18%), followed by understanding explanation from the doctors' plans (64.12%) and doctors' ability to listen carefully (58.78%). Women are more concerned about their risk of falling (p = 0.03). Patients older than 65 years find important that the doctors explain everything in a way they can easily understand (p = 0.02), while lower educated patients consider most if the doctor treats them with courtesy and respect (p = 0.0027). Conclusion Patient characteristics have an effect on how hospital care is perceived. Regardless of the characteristics of the population, the risk of getting an infection was the main concern overall, so it is important that hospitals promote actions to prevent it and share them with patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0258618
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number10 October
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

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